Natural fibers: what they are and how to use them

Natural fibers: what they are and how to use them

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Natural fibers, today they represent 40% of the textiles used in the world, but synthetic and artificial ones continue to win, with their bulky 60%. To use them more and better, let's see what they are and what properties they have.

Natural fibers: what they are

They are more than you think, we are going to read them in a list, but let's start with the most common. First of all Natural fibers there is cotton, produced in China, the United States, Pakistan, India, Uzbekistan, Turkey and Brazil, mainly, although it is emerging in other areas, in Africa: Mali, Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad.

Removed the cotton, which is very popular, other important fibers that are the basis of the economy of the countries that produce them are the jute, queen of India and Bangladesh, and to follow others equally well known and appreciated such as sisal, hemp, coconut fiber, linen, silk.

Natural fibers: how to use them

Natural fibers are chosen and appreciated, and used, for theirs countless advantages. The most obvious is eco-compatibility: these are materials that come from drenewable sources and are biodegradable, very green. This is not to say that they are not comfortable: in contact with the skin they are extremely soft and pleasant.

We find Natural fibers in the clothing and linen market, but not only. Those who choose them, however, must know that they are not zero impact. When we talk about Natural fibers we certainly cannot deny that their production involves the consumption of land, water and chemicals. The "natural" is not a lie, it means that there is a rare respect for the balance between available resources and consumption, minimizing the use of substances or materials of chemical origin.

Natural fibers: list

The natural textile fibers of vegetable origin are: Cotton, Linen, Hemp, Jute, Ramie or nettle yarn, Sisal, Coconut, Broom, Hibiscus, Manila, Straw, Bamboo, Cork. Among those of animal origin we find: Merino Wool, Shetland, Bluefaiced Leicester, Pelo, Angora, Cashmere, Camel, Mohair, Alpaca, Lama, Vicuna or vicuña, Bison, Quivut or Quivuk, Silk, Horsehair, Bisso.

Natural fibers: hemp

Hemp is less widespread than it could be due to the prohibitionism linked to its use in other fields very different from the textile one, a sector in which it is appreciated for its white color.

Between Natural fibers is one of the few that does not require chemical solvents to be bleached, it is obtained from the phloem or book of the stems of Cannabis sativa. Also used for the production of paper, it is essential for that of fabrics and ropesFortunately, today there are some varieties of this plant that can be grown for this purpose, these are those free from psychoactive principles.

The preferred habitat for hemp is the one where a temperate climate is in force, once harvested it is macerated and defibrated to obtain the textile fiberis. Convenient because it can be grown several times on the same ground, this plant reaches even 7 meters in height after only three months from sowing. There are hemp clothes, but still rare, the most widespread are bags and pouches like these, hemp, for laundry, toys and scattered items not to be missed at 10 euros on Amazon, 18.5 cm x 23 cm.

Natural fibers: linen

We find it used for tablecloths, sheets, towels, in the kitchen and in the bedroom, but often we also carry it on us. Men and women love it, linen, and those who are skilled in embroidery, cross-stitch or other more complex stitches.

Linen among all natural fibers it stands out for its rigidity which gives the garments a wrinkled look. Experts also know that there are different types of linen depending on the fineness of the fibers. The fine linens are used for lace and lace, the medium ones for common canvases, the thick ones for ordinary canvases.

Curious to know that the natural fibers taken from the book of Linum usitatissimum (flax) they are composed of about 70% cellulose, their average length varies from 20 to 30 mm, have a polygonal section and absorb moisture in an anomalous way. When burned, the linen produces a very fine black-gray powder, we find natural flax fibers also in the inner part of the lime tree bark.

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Video: Types of Natural Fibers - Fiber to Fabric CBSE Grade 7 Chemistry (August 2022).